The shifting sands of the Sahel › Burkina Faso 2010
Sahel is the region separating the Sahara desert from the most fertile grounds of the ‘Black Africa’, a long semi-desert strip stretching from the Atlantic to the Red Sea.
Sahel has the second highest population growth rate in the world.
According to the United Nations, it is estimated that its population will exceed 93 million inhabitants in 2050.
Climate change continues to significantly affect this area, causing a decrease in agriculture, a change in the flowing of rivers and watercourses and their continuous silting up, the intensification of desertification, and the massive movement of populations as climate refugees.
Presently this region is one of the most affected by the problem of desertification, which shall not be seen only as an ecological problem but also as a social one, considering that it generates internal riots among inhabitants, increases migration, and it is home to approximately fifty million people who are at risk of survival.