The desertification in the Sahel, Burkina Faso › LUCA CATALANO GONZAGA
Sahel is a region separating the Sahara desert from the most fertile grounds of the Black Africa, a long semi-desert strip stretching from the Atlantic to the Red Sea.
Sahel has the second largest population growth rate in the world.
According to the United Nations, it is estimated that the Sahel population will exceed 93 million inhabitants in 2050.
Climate change continue to significantly affect this area, causing a decrease in agriculture, a change in the flowing of rivers and watercourses and their continuous silting up, the intensification of desertification, and the massive movement of populations (climate refugees).
Presently this region is one of the most affected by the problem of desertification, which shall not only be seen as an ecological problem but also a social one, having considered that it generates internal riots among inhabitants, increases migration, and about fifty million people are at risk of survival.